The symptoms causes and treatment of infant colic

What can the doctor do to help a colicky baby?

The symptoms causes and treatment of infant colic

Print Overview Colic is frequent, prolonged and intense crying or fussiness in a healthy infant. Colic can be particularly frustrating for parents because the baby's distress occurs for no apparent reason and no amount of consoling seems to bring any relief.

These episodes often occur in the evening, when parents themselves are often tired. Episodes of colic usually peak when an infant is about 6 weeks old and decline significantly after 3 to 4 months of age.

While the excessive crying will resolve with time, managing colic adds significant stress to caring for your newborn child. You can take steps that may lessen the severity and duration of colic episodes, alleviate your own stress, and bolster confidence in your parent-child connection. Symptoms Fussing and crying are normal for infants, especially during the first three months.

And the range for what is normal crying is difficult to pin down. In general, colic is defined as crying for three or more hours a day, three or more days a week, for three or more weeks.

The symptoms causes and treatment of infant colic

Features of colic may include the following: Intense crying that may seem more like screaming or an expression of pain Crying for no apparent reason, unlike crying to express hunger or the need for a diaper change Extreme fussiness even after crying has diminished Predictable timing, with episodes often occurring in the evening Facial discoloring, such as reddening of the face or paler skin around the mouth Bodily tension, such as pulled up or stiffened legs, stiffened arms, clenched fists, arched back, or tense abdomen Sometimes there is relief in symptoms after the infant passes gas or has a bowel movement.

Gas is likely the result of swallowed air during prolonged crying. When to see a doctor Excessive, inconsolable crying may be colic or an indication of an illness or condition that causes pain or discomfort.


Schedule an appointment with your child's doctor for a thorough exam if your infant experiences excessive crying or other signs or symptoms of colic. Causes The cause of colic is unknown. It may result from numerous contributing factors. While a number of causes have been explored, it's difficult for researchers to account for all the important features, such as why it usually begins late in the first month of life, how it varies among infants, why it happens at certain times of day and why it resolves on its own in time.

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Possible contributing factors that have been explored include: Digestive system that isn't fully developed Imbalance of healthy bacteria in the digestive tract Food allergies or intolerances Overfeeding, underfeeding or infrequent burping Early form of childhood migraine Family stress or anxiety Risk factors Risk factors for colic are not well-understood.

Research has not shown differences in risk when the following factors were considered: Sex of the child Preterm and full-term pregnancies Formula-fed and breast-fed babies Infants born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy or after delivery have an increased risk of developing colic.

Complications Colic does not cause short-term or long-term medical problems for a child.A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney from substances in the urine. It may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl.

Abdominal colic is a term used to describe severe spasmodic pain in the abdomen caused by distention, obstruction or inflammation. In adults, the spasmodic pain may appear suddenly or . Colic Baby – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Home Remedies Colic Baby Causes: Sometimes, the infant cries due to serious health issue like irregular heartbeat or inflammation in the body.

Babies can get irritated for many reasons. Colic baby syndrome can occur due to intestinal pain, trouble in normal breathing, infections and increase.

In moderate doses caffeine has mainly positive effects for most people. But it increases production of cortisol, which can lead to health problems including anxiety, weight gain and heart disease. Symptoms. Adults with colic typically feel pressure or aches in the upper abdomen.

Harvard Medical School's Patient Education Center explains that the pain often occurs in the upper right part of your abdomen near your liver and gallbladder. Baby colic, also known as infantile colic, is defined as episodes of crying for more than three hours a day, for more than three days a week, for three weeks in an otherwise healthy child.

Often crying occurs in the evening. It typically does not result in long term problems. The crying can cause frustration for the parents, depression following delivery, excess visits to the doctor, and child.

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