It has Belgium to its south and on its east is Germany.
The prehistory of the area that is now the Netherlands was largely shaped by the sea and the rivers that constantly shifted the low-lying geography. The oldest human Neanderthal traces were found in higher soils, near Maastrichtfrom what is believed to be aboutyears ago.
From Mesolithic Maglemosian-like tribes c. Bronze Age cultures in the Netherlands. Indigenous late Mesolithic hunter-gatherers from the Swifterbant culture c.
There was a quick and smooth transition from the Funnelbeaker farming culture to the pan-European Corded Ware pastoralist culture c.
Although in the southwest, the Seine-Oise-Marne culture related Vlaardingen culture c. Of the subsequent Bell Beaker culture — BC several regions of origin have been postulated, notably the Iberian peninsula, the Netherlands and Central Europe. The many finds in Drenthe of rare bronze objects, suggest that it was even a trading centre in the Bronze Age — BC.
The initial phase of the Elp culture was characterised by tumuli — BC that were strongly tied to contemporary tumuli in northern Germany and Scandinavia, and were apparently related to the Tumulus culture in central Europe.
The subsequent phase was that of cremating the dead and placing their ashes in urns which were then buried in fields, following the customs of the Urnfield culture — BC. The southern region became dominated by the related Hilversum culture — BCwhich apparently inherited cultural ties with Britain of the previous Barbed-Wire Beaker culture.
Expansion into the southern Low Countries by BC. Iron ore brought a measure of prosperity, and was available throughout the country, including bog iron. Smiths travelled from settlement to settlement with bronze and iron, fabricating tools on demand.
The deteriorating climate in Scandinavia around BC, that further deteriorated around BC, might have triggered migration of Germanic tribes from the North. By the time this migration was complete, around BC, a few general cultural and linguistic groups had emerged.
They would later develop into the Frisii and the early Saxons. This group consisted of tribes that would eventually develop into the Salian Franks. Some scholars have speculated that even a third ethnic identity and language, neither Germanic nor Celtic, survived in the Netherlands until the Roman period, the Iron Age Nordwestblock culture,   that eventually was being absorbed by the Celts to the south and the Germanic peoples from the east.
Rhine Frontier of around 70 AD. Notable towns would arise along the Limes Germanicus: The area to the north of the Rhine, inhabited by the Frisii, remained outside Roman rule but not its presence and controlwhile the Germanic border tribes of the Batavi and Cananefates served in the Roman cavalry.
The Batavi later merged with other tribes into the confederation of the Salian Franks, whose identity emerged at the first half of the third century. They were forced by the confederation of the Saxons from the east to move over the Rhine into Roman territory in the fourth century.
Roman forces pacified the region, but did not expel the Franks, who continued to be feared at least until the time of Julian the Apostatewhen Salian Franks were allowed to settle as foederati in Toxandria. Coastal lands remained largely unpopulated for the next two centuries.
After Roman government in the area collapsed, the Franks expanded their territories in numerous kingdoms. By the s, Clovis I had conquered and united all these territories in the southern Netherlands in one Frankish kingdomand from there continued his conquests into Gaul.
During this expansion, Franks migrating to the south eventually adopted the Vulgar Latin of the local population. To the north of the Franks, climatic conditions on the coast improved, and during the Migration Period the abandoned land was resettled again, mostly by Saxonsbut also by the closely related AnglesJutes and ancient Frisii.
By the seventh century a Frisian Kingdom — under King Aldegisel and King Redbad emerged with Utrecht as its centre of power,   while Dorestad was a flourishing trading place.
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Guangzhou 广州市 Canton; Prefecture-level and Sub-provincial city: From top: Tianhe CBD, the Canton Tower and Chigang Pagoda, Haizhu Bridge, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, the Five Goat Statue and Zhenhai Tower in Yuexiu Park, and Sacred Heart Cathedral. Wisconsin /wɪsˈkɒnsən/ is a U.S.
state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north.
Jun 23, · Population dynamics in lesser black-backed gulls in the Netherlands support a North Sea regime shift With respect to the first point—that the L. fuscus population increased in the Netherlands well before a mid s North Sea regime shift—it is important to highlight that the regime shift The Netherland: NIOZ.
5. Kadin M. A clear understanding of how orangutans have responded to prolonged exposure to humans can offer new insights into their vulnerability and resilience to modern threats. Syringomyelia (SM) and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Page 2 -- Research News. Syringomyelia Main Page; Research News--