This is due to the fact that everyone has different personalities that drive them to be a certain kind of leader. There are several leadership styles that leaders in political, business or other fields exhibit.
Recommend this article to your friends! By using the situational leadership theory model, leaders can adapt their leadership according to the needs of the employees, and conduct an effective leadership based on the situational context.
The essence of the model is that leaders should support their followers based on the followers' needs and capabilities. By doing this, followers will evolve their skills, and will over time become more skilled, mature and independent. The model consists of 4 leadership styles and 4 maturity levels, which will be described below.
S1 The leadership style "Telling" is characterized by a strong leader categorizing roles for the employees, and who conducts his leadership with one-way communication.
This leadership style is very autocratic, and is based upon followers being told what to do. S2 The leadership style "Selling" is still characterized by a strong leader providing direction, but there is more communication with followers. Leaders are trying to sell their messages to the followers, so that the followers understand the importance of their duties, and understand why different processes are important for the organization.
S3 The leadership style "Participating" is characterized by two-way communication and shared decision making. S4 The leadership style "Delegating" is characterized by a leader leaving much of the decision making power to the followers.
Leaders are still monitoring progress, but are not as heavily involved in decision making processes. Once again, it is important to remember that none of the leadership styles are better than others.
The essence is that leaders should be flexible, and able to use different styles in different situational contexts with different followers and tasks. M1 Followers with this level of maturity lack knowledge, skills, or confidence to work on their own.
They often need to be directed and supervised before they take on tasks. M2 Followers in this category are still unable to take independent responsibility for tasks, but they are generally willing to work at the task. M3 Followers in this category are very experienced and able to perform the task at hand satisfactorily.
However, they do not have the confidence to take on sole responsibility for task accomplishment. M4 Followers are experienced, and believe that they are able to perform well.
They are not only able and willing to perform their tasks, but are also willing to take on independent responsibility for the accomplishment of tasks. The maturity levels are also task specific, meaning that generally mature followers may get immature, if they are set to perform a task they do not have capabilities to accomplish.
A generally mature follower may therefore become immature if tasks change, and the leader must therefore adapt his leadership to this new situation.
Combining leadership with maturity levels: The table below shows the most appropriate leadership style according to maturity levels.Situational Leadership ® II Model: S3 S2: High Supportive and Low Directive Behavior High Directive and High Supportive Behavior: C O A C H I N G S U P P O R T I N G: Leadership Styles: S4 S1: High Directive and Low Supportive Behavior Low Supportive and Low Directive Behavior: D I R E C T I N D E G L E G A T I N G: Development .
“best style of leadership,” any of the four basic styles shown in Figure 1 may be effective or ineffective depending on the situation in which it is being applied. (S1, S2, S3, S4); that is, R1 readiness requires an S1 style, R2 readiness requires an S2 style, etc.
the grid as S1, S2, S3, and S4. Fair or Poor response for each of the four leadership styles. A four or more in any quadrant indicates that you may not be diagnosing team development stage before choosing a leadership style. Style Diagnosis Matrix. Chris Sample 05/18/ They categorized all leadership styles into four behavior types, which they named S1 to S4: S1 S2 S3 S4 Directing Coaching Supporting Delegating Individuals lack the specific skills required for the job in hand and they are willing to work at the task.
They are novice but enthusiastic. There are four leadership styles (S1 to S4) that match the development levels (D1 to D4) of the followers. The four styles suggest that leaders should put greater or less focus on the task in question and/or the relationship between the leader and the follower, depending on the development level of the follower.
The different leadership styles in situational leadership theory, range from S1 to S4 and vary in the level of leadership involvement direction involved.
This level of direction and control and ultimately, the correct leadership style to use, is understood by mapping the ‘Development Level’ (D1 to D4) of the team or individuals against one.