The objective of this essay is to provide a brief overview of the history of adult attachment research, the key theoretical ideas, and a sampling of some of the research findings. This essay has been written for people who are interested in learning more about research on adult attachment. Bowlby's Theory of Attachment The theory of attachment was originally developed by John Bowlby -a British psychoanalyst who was attempting to understand the intense distress experienced by infants who had been separated from their parents.
Go home and love your family. This includes momentary changes in their state of consciousness as well as how our interactions shape the development of their brains over time. Thus far I have tried to make more general comments and not be too scientific about things, but now it is time to lay out some of this science so we have a common understanding as we move forward into deeper waters.
In this post I will outline some of the basic attachment research. Attachment is a word used by psychologists to describe the relationship between children and their caretakers. When we watch the behavioral patterns that characterize this relationship, four types of attachment are seen: Children who are disorganized — also an insecure attachment — have not developed an organized way to respond to their caregiver for reasons we will see in a moment.
The mom and the baby would be given a period of time to get used to the new space and then another person would enter the room and interact with both mom and baby in a friendly way.
After a brief period with the stranger in the room, mom would then get up and leave the child with the stranger. A short while later the mom would return to the room and reunite with the infant.
All the while the observers behind the mirror would carefully document the behaviors of the infant.
Over time and the observation of thousands of these interactions, the four attachment types emerged: The infants noticed when mom left the room and protested. When mother returned, the infant went straight to the mother to be held, was easily reassured, and quickly returned to play.
The internal working model of these infants is likely to be one that expects that their needs will be known and met, that they will be attuned to and emotionally regulated, and that they can freely explore their environment in safety.
When the mother began to leave the room, the infant might move toward her, but often did not. When the mother returned, the infant acted like she was not even there and just continued playing.
In the home, these parents were seen to be emotionally unavailable, imperceptive, unresponsive, and rejecting. Some were responsive in many non-emotional interactions, but were very dismissive and non-responsive when the infant was emotionally needy, frustrated, or angry.
These infants often expressed random aggression, and were more clingy and demanding in the home then securely attached infants. They were very upset when she left the room, immediately went to her upon return and got very clingy.
Their behavior upon reunion alternated between outbursts of anger and going limp, and in either case the infant was not soothed by the presence of the caregiver even if the mother was seen to be caring and emotionally available.The anxious–preoccupied attachment style in adults corresponds to the anxious-ambivalent attachment style in children.
However, the dismissive-avoidant attachment style and the fearful-avoidant attachment style, which are distinct in adults, correspond to a single avoidant attachment style in children. Evaluation of three attachment style theories. Print Reference this.
Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers. You can view samples of our professional work here. The attachment behavior system is an important concept in attachment theory because it provides the conceptual linkage between ethological models of human development and modern theories on emotion regulation and personality.
Attachment theory states that a strong emotional and physical attachment to at least one primary caregiver is critical to personal development.
John Bowlby first coined the term as a result of his studies involving the developmental psychology of children from various backgrounds. The Forms of Attachment [ ] How I decided to get attachment therapy as a mom and why you might too – Institute For Attachment and Child Development - [ ] I have children.
Attachment Theory (Bowlby) 2 years ago • Child Development Theories, Learning Theories & Models • 1 Summary: Attachment theory emphasizes the importance of a secure and trusting mother-infant bond on development and well-being.