The census held throughout the UK in recorded information on the chosen national identity of each respondent.
Highlights from a talk at USC Annenberg: Disruptive Power Losing Control Losing Control outlines how in a wide range of international areas of influence, the state is being challenged by new, digitally enabled actors. Grounded in the theory of disruption, this chapter explores the rise and power of the activist collective Anonymous, the paradox of dual use surveillance technologies, and the recent revelation on the extent of NSA surveillance.
The chapter serves as an introduction to the book. Disruptive Power Disruptive Power traces the development of the modern state and drawing on disruption theory, explores how the introduction of digital technology presents a crisis to state power.
The state began as a mechanism for centralizing and exercising power and over time became hierarchical, bureaucratic, and, in democratic states, accountable to the rule of law.
In a networked world, however, groups like Anonymous wield power by being decentralized, collaborative, and resilient. These two models of power are fundamentally at odds and the resulting disruptive power threatens the institutions that have preserved the balance of power since the end of World War II.
Spaces of Dissent Spaces of Dissent explores the rapidly evolving space of digital activism, or hacktivism, through the example of a group of hackers called Telecomix, who served as a form of tech support for the Arab Spring.
Such cyber activists have taken on a role of social and cultural provocateurs; they are dissenting actors in a culture that is increasingly hostile to protest. This argument is grounded in an exploration of hactivism as a form of civil disobedience, though one that looks markedly different, and is potential more powerful, than the placards and megaphones of old.
The chapter details how the state has responded to the perceived threat of online civil disobedience through its prosecutions against Chelsea Manning and Anonymous, and argues that their excessiveness stems form a paranoia over losing control.
Finally, it explores the costs to society when we eliminate social deviancy. New Money New Money details how the rise of crypto-currencies such as Bitcoin represent a threat to the power the state derives from the control of currency. This chapter first outlines the history of the close connection between the control of currency and state power.
It then details the rise of crypto-currencies, explain how they work, and their potential real-world benefits.
Finally, it explores the potential challenge to state power posed by this decentralized and technologically enabled currency. I argue that if the use of Bitcoin were to proliferate, as it likely will, then the inability of the state to either collect revenue from, or regulate commercial activity, poses a threat to the control it currently holds over the international financial system.
Being There Being There considers the evolution of international reporting news by juxtaposing the death of seasoned war corresponded Marie Colvin during the bombing of Homs, Syria with the new digital tools Syrian citizens used to document and stream the war to the world in real time.
In an age of live-streaming, citizen journalism, drone journalism and coming advances in virtual reality, do we even need foreign correspondents?
Saving the Saviors Saving the Saviors looks at the impact of collaborative mapping and advances in satellite technology on humanitarian and development agencies.
The world of aid, humanitarianism and development have long been dominated by state-based agencies and large international organizations. But new models are emerging. In the first week following the Haiti earthquake 14, citizens used their cell phones to upload emergency information to a live online crisis map.
How do we know if the information uploaded to a crisis map is real? How do we hold these projects to account, without the oversight that states and institutions once provided? Using examples of disruptive humanitarian actors and recent academic work assessing their impact, this chapter explores how aid and humanitarianism are being transformed from the ground up.
Diplomacy Unbound Diplomacy Unbound explores the emerging practice of digital diplomacy. First, it outlines how we valued the efficacy and power of diplomacy before Twitter and Facebook and mesh networks by tracing the notion of diplomatic power. It then argues that we need to view digital diplomacy initiatives in two categories, those that simply expand the practice of public diplomacy into a new medium, and those that seek to fundamentally engage in the digital space, using the tools and capabilities outlined throughout this book.
I argue that when the bounds of diplomacy are extended into influencing not just states, but also digital actors, then they overlap fundamentally with other foreign policy programs and objectives. And this invariably leads to conflicting methods and outcomes.
The undue negative costs associated with coercive digital diplomacy demonstrate the weakness of the state in a major realm of its foreign policy. The Violence of Algorithms The Violence of Algorithms looks at how advances in computational power and automation have produced military weapons and surveillance tools that blur the boundaries of the battlefield and the lines between domestic and international.
While much of this book focuses on diminishing state power in the face of empowered actors, here I look at how the state is fighting back. What does it mean when the state extends the use of military technologies and tactics far beyond the battlefield?
How should we view advances in automated warfare, and the power that these new technologies embed in complex and secretive algorithms?
And for how long can we expect the state to have a monopoly on these news forms of pervasive violence? Put another way, where is the line between war and peacetime behaviour with the deployment of computation and surveillance based weaponry?
This crisis of the state has at least four key components: Solving any one of them, will not prove a panacea to this crisis, nor is this list exhaustive; there are many more innovations being developed and important questions being addressed.
But luckily in each, there are individuals and groups experimenting on new models and proposing potential solutions.
This is the new landscape in which the state must constructively engage. Twitter About By way of an intro, currently:Körperhygiene Also die Toiletten auf der arabischen Halbinsel sind unseren bei weitem überlegen, was den Erfolg der Reinigung betrifft.
Da sind die Deutschen ziemliche Bären, das sagen zumindest Leute, bei denen das Bidet zur Feuchtraumkultur gehört.
Business and Market News. Read the latest business news and breaking stories on Australian and World business, economy, finance and market news on 9Finance. ค้นพบ Link ทั้งสิ้น รายการ 1. ozHqFobOGDbUAaiF timberdesignmag.com A piece in the Globe and Mail on the Zuckerberg hearings: The era of Big Tech self-governance has come to an end.
Twenty years ago, another young Silicon Valley tycoon was . - Aspects of an Argumentative Essay The argumentative essay is an essay in which you argue a point -- an essay in which you prove a thesis. The argumentative essay starts with an introduction. The introduction is the gateway into your paper, and it serves two roles.
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