Early life[ edit ] Historians believe Subutai was born in the year probably just west of the upper Onon River in what is now Mongolia.
Napoleon not murdered, say scientists One of the most brilliant individuals in history, Napoleon Bonaparte was a masterful soldier, an unequalled grand tactician and a superb administrator. He was also utterly ruthless, a dictator and, later in his career, thought he could do no wrong.
Not a Frenchman by birth, Napoleon Bonaparte was born at Ajaccio on Corsica - only just sold to France by the Italian state of Genoa - on 15 August and learnt French at the school of Autun and later the military academy at Brienne.
He never fully mastered French and his spelling left a lot to be desired. The revolutionary fever that was spreading when Bonaparte was a teenager allowed a talented individual the opportunity to rise far beyond what could have been achieved only a few years previously.
His first real military opportunity came as a captain of artillery at the siege of Toulonwhere he expertly seized crucial forts and was able to bombard the British naval and land forces, eventually forcing them to sail away.
Now a brigadier-general, Bonaparte served in the army campaigning in Italy but found himself arrested and jailed for being an associate of the younger brother of Maximilien Robespierre.
With his loyalty and ruthlessness proven, the next year Bonaparte took up command of the Army of Italy and set off on a campaign that was to take him to absolute power in France and Europe. Initially treated with suspicion, and not a little contempt, by the older generals he superceded, Bonaparte won over his badly treated soldiers with promises of great things to come and a large helping of personal bravery.
Like Caesar, he was not afraid to get into the thick of the fighting to inspire his men. In a series of battles that included such as MontenotteMondoviArcola and RivoliBonaparte swept the board of ageing Austrian generals and established himself as one of the leading soldiers of his time.
He sailed from Toulon in and, after capturing Malta, made it to Egypt in early July. Stranded and with suspect supply lines, Bonaparte moved into Syria and won the battle of Mt Tabor before being halted by fierce and stubborn resistance at Acre. Stricken with disease and wary of a mass revolt in Cairo, the French made a horrendous march through the deserts of the Sinai, but arrived at Aboukir in good enough condition to crush another Turkish force.
Realising the potential success of his campaign was now limited, if not impossible, Bonaparte decided to abandon his army and get back to the centre of power - Paris - and make sure his position had not been undermined. Popular with the people, Bonaparte found the loathed Directory very cool towards his surprise arrival and no doubt took pleasure in their discomfort when he, Abbe Sieyes and Roger Ducos seized power in the Coup de Brumaire, which saw them share power as equal consuls.
Within months Bonaparte was First Consul and had eased his "equals" into early retirement. It almost proved to be a blunder - as Bonaparte was in turn caught by surprise at the tenacity of General Melas who attacked him at Marengo. Together with the victory at HohenlindenMarengo forced the Austrians to the table and the resulting Peace of Leoben in and Peace of Amiens brought to an end a decade of revolution, strife and war.
He also got France back in to the good books of Rome through the Concordat with the Popewhich eased the restrictions and penalties imposed on the church by the Revolution.
Setting about much-needed civil reforms he turned upside down the old system of running France and introduced the Civil Code. But all was not safe for Bonaparte and there were several attempts on his life, including a bomb set off in Paris as his carriage went by.
Still, inthe general felt confident and secure enough to declare himself Emperor and the next day created the Marshalate for his most trusted and talented soldiers. Bonaparte waited until 2 December for his coronation where, with much pomp and ceremony, he crowned himself. Bonaparte reacted by amassing a huge army - the first Grande Armee - on the coastline of Europe with the intention of invading Britain but, fortunately for those opposing him, he was never given the opportunity as Admiral Horatio Nelson smashed his naval ambitions at Trafalgar in The French manouevre worked brilliantly and General Mack found himself trapped within the city of Ulm with little sign of Kutusov.
He made two major attempts to extricate his 27, men - at Elchingen and Haslach - but in the end had little choice but to surrender. With the way to Vienna clear, Bonaparte occupied the enemy capital and then set out after the Russians and the remaining Austrian forces.Alexander was born on the sixth day of the ancient Greek month of Hekatombaion, which probably corresponds to 20 July BC, although the exact date is disputed, in Pella, the capital of the Kingdom of Macedon.
He was the son of the king of Macedon, Philip II, and his fourth wife, Olympias, the daughter of Neoptolemus I, king of Epirus. Although Philip had seven or eight wives, Olympias was.
Detail of the ‘Alexander Mosaic,’ circa BC, recovered from the floor of the ‘House of the Faun’ in Pompeii, showing Alexander the Great (with a Gorgon’s head on his breastplate) charging toward King Darius of Persia in what is thought to be the Battle of Issus, BC In 51 BC, Marcus.
Subutai (Classical Mongolian: Sübügätäi or Sübü'ätäi; Tuvan: Сүбэдэй; Modern Mongolian: Сүбээдэй, Sübedei; Chinese: 速不台 –) was an Uriankhai general, and the primary military strategist of Genghis Khan and Ögedei timberdesignmag.com directed more than twenty campaigns in which he conquered thirty-two nations and won sixty-five pitched battles, during which he.
Read an Excerpt. On the night of April 18, , British troops marched out of Boston to capture Samuel Adams and John Hancock and seize a stockpile of patriot munitions in Concord, Massachusetts. Ron Chernow is the prize-winning author of six books and the recipient of the National Humanities Medal.
His first book, The House of Morgan, won the National Book Award, Washington: A Life won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography, and Alexander Hamilton was the inspiration for the Broadway timberdesignmag.com new biography, Grant, will .
Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan. Alexander was the son of Philip II and Olympias (one of Philip's seven.
Alexander was born on the sixth day of the ancient Greek month of Hekatombaion, which probably corresponds to 20 July BC, although the exact date is disputed, in Pella, the capital of the Kingdom of Macedon. He was the son of the king of Macedon, Philip II, and his fourth wife, Olympias, the daughter of Neoptolemus I, king of Epirus. Although . Sir Henry Parkes (), politician and journalist, was born on 27 May in Warwickshire, England, youngest of the seven children of Thomas Parks, tenant farmer on Stoneleigh Abbey Estate, and his wife Martha, née Faulconbridge. TYRONE BIOS. REANEY. Iowa Official Register Biographies of State Officers. ROBERT J REANEY Representative from Louisa county, was born in County Tyrone, IRELAND, July.