An analysis of the history nerve gas agents and the effects of chemical warfare

Kautilya 's " Arthashastra ", a statecraft manual of the same era, contains hundreds of recipes for creating poison weapons, toxic smokes, and other chemical weapons. Ancient Greek historians recount that Alexander the Great encountered poison arrows and fire incendiaries in India at the Indus basin in the 4th century BC. Arsenical smokes were known to the Chinese as far back as c. In the second century BC, writings of the Mohist sect in China describe the use of bellows to pump smoke from burning balls of toxic plants and vegetables into tunnels being dug by a besieging army.

An analysis of the history nerve gas agents and the effects of chemical warfare

The Hebrews blowing trumpets at the battle of Jericho. The use of music in warfare goes back to Biblical times. Joshua won the battle of Jericho using trumpets.

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The ancient Greeks went to war led by flutists playing songs of patriotism and praising the Gods and their military heroes. Legend says that Athena created the flute to imitate the wailing of the Gorgons when Medusa was killed. A Spartan Flutist in the midst of the battle The Spartans marched to war to the sound of flutes and used bugles to signal military commands.

On the attack, the Spartan Army moved forward while their king sang one of their many marching-songs. He was complemented by pipers. According to Thucydides, the songs and tunes kept the marching line in order, which helped the Spartans close in a solid, unbroken line.

Some experts believe that these death whistles allowed listeners to enter a trance state. We're not entirely certain what the whistles were used for, however.

They may have been used as an intimidation tactic in war, but there's one aspect of Aztec society in which they certainly played a role: Twenty years ago, archaeologists unearthed two of these skull-shaped instruments in Mexico. They were clutched in the hands of a sacrificed man at the temple of the wind god.

Initially believed to be toys, the whistles were used in rituals and war. Some insist that death whistles were used in sacrifices and to guide the recently deceased to the land of the dead.

Others believe that their main use was psychological warfare. The Spirit of 76 By Archibald Willard George Washington apparently thought so much of martial music that he demanded his own fife and drum corps practice regularly and get better with the threat of demotion and loss of pay if they failed.

Music gave instructions for advance or retreat and helped keep order on the battlefield. Drummers would play beatings telling soldiers to turn right or left as well as to load and fire their muskets.

It signified that no quarter would be given. The literal translation is "slit-throat. Strangely, there may be some truth to that scene since it has been reported that near the end of WWII, the Germans sometimes played that song to their soldiers to motivate them to continue the fight.

We got our own ammunition, it's filled with paint. When we fire it, it makes Scares the hell outta people! We have a loudspeaker here, and when we go into battle we play music, very loud.

It has been called the greatest enlistment movie ever made. The idea seemed ridiculous at the time, but today many soldiers going into battle listen to hard-rock music, so the movie was a harbinger of things to come. By the way, on the subject of Top Gun, during Desert Storm movies were shown to the Iraqi prisoners to keep them calm and occupied while they were behind the wire.

Your mother, father and family are waiting for you do not suffer out there thinking nobody cares about you Rapper Amir Tataloo recorder a video with the Iranian Army Init was reported that the youth of Iran no longer reacts to the tedious anti-American chants of the Ayatollah and the Republican Guard.

So instead, the propaganda is now being sung as part of rap music on very well-done patriotic videos.

An analysis of the history nerve gas agents and the effects of chemical warfare

Ina producer of music anthologies that specialize in history was preparing a collection of music inspired by the Korean War. He asked me to share some of my Korean War data for the booklet that will accompany the CDs. That book with four CDs was published in as Battleground Korea: InI was called by the History Channel to comment on sonic warfare that seemed to have been used against American diplomats in Cuba and China.

Army teaches it troops about the history of martial music in lessons on Army heritage and traditions. Some of the comments are: Military music dates back to early Romans, when it was used to control the military formation.

The Romans found out that soldiers moved with a little more spirit and efficiency when they marched to a cadence, even outside of battle formation.

At first, only drums were used to keep the marching cadence. Over time, however, armies learned to march to much more elaborate music. Even when large armies and their music disappeared from EuropeAsian civilizations and their armies continued to move to music.

A good example of music that is uniquely military is the bugle call.Get the latest science news and technology news, read tech reviews and more at ABC News. Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as timberdesignmag.com type of warfare is distinct from nuclear warfare and biological warfare, which together make up NBC, the military acronym for nuclear, biological, and chemical (warfare or weapons), all of which are considered "weapons of mass destruction" (WMDs).None of these fall under the term conventional.

Definition. Chemical warfare is different from the use of conventional weapons or nuclear weapons because the destructive effects of chemical weapons are not primarily due to any explosive force. The offensive use of living organisms (such as anthrax) is considered biological warfare rather than chemical warfare; however, the use of nonliving toxic .

As it is said: "The Devil is in the details." When the former government of the United States points a finger at "governments" that engage in chemical warfare attacks against civilian populations, it should really be looking in the mirror of history.

Get the latest science news and technology news, read tech reviews and more at ABC News. As it is said: "The Devil is in the details." When the former government of the United States points a finger at "governments" that engage in chemical warfare attacks against civilian populations, it should really be looking in the mirror of history.

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