This development culminated in Western Europe in the s in the so-called leisure society, a phenomenon that is recognised today as being of both social and economic importance. The available leisure time presents a framework for a very wide scope of individual leisure activities that often reflect contemporary changes. The hallmark of most recreational activities, at least since industrialisation, seems to be the interpenetration of leisure and rapidly evolving technology.
In the years after World War One, new technologies changed America.
Technology made it possible for millions of people to improve their lives. It also brought great changes in American society. This week in our series, Harry Monroe and Kay Gallant tell more about the technological and social changes that took place in the United States in the early nineteen twenties.
Some of the most important changes came as a result of the automobile and the radio. Automobiles began to be mass-produced. They were low enough in cost so many Americans could buy them. Gasoline was low in cost, too. Together, these developments put America on the move as never before.
Automobiles made it easy for Americans to travel. Trucks made it easy for goods to be transported. Many people and businesses moved out of crowded, noisy cities.
They moved to open areas outside cities: As automobiles helped Americans spread out, the radio helped bring them closer together. Large networks could broadcast the same radio program to many stations at the same time.
Soon, Americans everywhere were listening to the same programs. They laughed at the same jokes, sang the same songs, heard the same news.
Another invention that produced big changes in American life was the motion picture. American inventor Thomas Edison began making short motion pictures at the turn of the century.
In nineteen-oh-three, a movie called "The Great Train Robbery" was the first to tell a complete story. In nineteen fifteen, D. Griffith made a long, serious movie called "Birth of a Nation.
Most Americans went to see the movies at least once a week. The movie industry became a big business. People might not know the names of government officials. But they knew the names of every leading actor and actress.The s was a dynamic decade, characterized by prosperity, leisure, technological advances, consumerism and major shifts toward modern values.
Modern values were particularly pronounced in . Generally speaking, the amount of available leisure time continually increased from the midth century onward. This development culminated in Western Europe in the s in the so-called leisure society, a phenomenon that is recognised today as being of both social and economic importance.
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. The rise of "talkies" from the late s onwards led to a radical shake-up of the entertainment industry.
Live entertainment went into decline and variety theatres became movie palaces, where eager punters could see exactly the same entertainment as their fellows in Los Angeles, Berlin or Bombay. Hollywood in the s Fact In the mood of the nation moved from the exuberant era of prosperity and revelry to the dark days into the hard times of the Great Depression when 25% of Americans were unemployed.
s of 'picture palaces' closed as ticket sales dropped dramatically. attendance dropped to roughly 60 to 75 million by and enticements and promotions such as the .
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