Author Bio Chelsea Gohd, Space.
October 10, The picture was taken just 11 hours before Mars made its closest approach to us in 60, years. Befitting the red planet's bloody color, the Romans named it after their god of war. The Romans copied the ancient Greeks, who also named the planet after their god of war, Ares.
Other civilizations also typically gave the planet names based on its color — for example, the Egyptians named it "Her Desher," meaning "the red one," while ancient Chinese astronomers dubbed it "the fire star.
The soil of Earth is a kind of regolith, albeit one loaded with organic content. According to NASA, the iron minerals oxidize, or rust, causing the soil to look red. The cold, thin atmosphere means liquid water likely cannot exist on the Martian surface for any length of time.
Features called recurring slope lineae may have spurts of briny water flowing on the surface, but this evidence is disputed; some scientists argue the hydrogen spotted from orbit in this region may instead indicate briny salts.
This means that although this desert planet is just half the diameter of Earth, it has the same amount of dry land. The red planet is home to both the highest mountain and the deepest, longest valley in the solar system.
Olympus Mons is roughly 17 miles 27 kilometers high, about three times as tall as Mount Everest, while the Valles Marineris system of valleys — named after the Mariner 9 probe that discovered it in — can go as deep as 6 miles 10 km and runs east-west for roughly 2, miles 4, kmabout one-fifth of the distance around Mars and close to the width of Australia or the distance from Philadelphia to San Diego.
Available to Populate Mars. It is a shield volcano, with slopes that rise gradually like those of Hawaiian volcanoes, and was created by eruptions of lavas that flowed for long distances before solidifying.
Mars also has many other kinds of volcanic landforms, from small, steep-sided cones to enormous plains coated in hardened lava.
4 days ago · A new study has revealed a plan for humans to colonize Mars or any other planet in our solar system. The plan would consist of sending robots to build research bases for humans to later study and. NASA’s real-time portal for Mars exploration, featuring the latest news, images, and discoveries from the Red Planet. The Mars Exploration Program studies Mars as a planetary system in order to understand the formation and early evolution of Mars as a planet, the history of geological processes that have shaped Mars through time, the potential for Mars to have hosted life, and the future exploration of Mars by humans.
Some minor eruptions might still occur on the planet. Scientists think the Valles Marineris formed mostly by rifting of the crust as it got stretched.
Individual canyons within the system are as much as 60 miles km wide. They merge in the central part of the Valles Marineris in a region as much as miles km wide. Large channels emerging from the ends of some canyons and layered sediments within suggest the canyons might once have been filled with liquid water.
Channels, valleys, and gullies are found all over Mars, and suggest that liquid water might have flowed across the planet's surface in recent times. Some channels can be 60 miles km wide and 1, miles 2, km long. Water may still lie in cracks and pores in underground rock. Many regions of Mars are flat, low-lying plains.
The lowest of the northern plains are among the flattest, smoothest places in the solar system, potentially created by water that once flowed across the Martian surface.Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
In English, Mars carries a name of the Roman god of war, and is often referred to as the " Red Planet "   because the reddish iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance that is distinctive among the.
NASA's Hubble Space Telescope snapped this shot of Mars on Aug. 26, , when the Red Planet was million miles from Earth. The picture was taken just 11 hours before Mars made its closest.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury. In English, Mars carries a name of the Roman god of war, and is often referred to as the " Red Planet "   because the reddish iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance that is distinctive among the.
- Mars Research Mars, the red planet, is the fourth planet from the sun and the most Earth-like planet in our solar system. It is about half the size of Earth and has a dry, rocky surface and a very thin atmosphere.
Mars is a sizable planet about nine times the mass of our moon. The latest scientific research also suggests Mars, despite looking like a giant desert, may harbor enough subsurface water and. The Mars Exploration Program studies Mars as a planetary system in order to understand the formation and early evolution of Mars as a planet, the history of geological processes that have shaped Mars through time, the potential for Mars to have hosted life, and the future exploration of Mars by humans.