Rational decision-making or planning follows a series of steps detailed below: This step includes recognizing the problem, defining an initial solution, and starting primary analysis.
Economic Geography of Investment Banking Since Investment bank capitalism might have foundered during the global financial crisis inbut what has happened to investment banks? Our analysis reveals that core investment banking activities have experienced a significant contraction, accompanied by diminished institutional and geographic concentration.
Large banks have experienced the largest falls in revenue, and Asian banks have capitalized on the growth of their local capital markets. With direct access to the largest market in the world, US banks remain dominant globally, but their market shares have declined. Our results highlight the variegated nature of change under way in the global financial system, and its implications for geopolitics and geoeconomics.
To date, the ability of this ambitious conceptual model to thereby explain economic geography has remained largely untested beyond the select industry networks examined by its proponents, most notably the electronics, retail, and automotive sectors of East Asia.
In this article, we stress test the causative model for the case of lead firms in the global cocoa—chocolate sector, and assess its ability to subsequently explain industry configurations and territorial outcomes in a particular country: Our application suggests that GPN 2.
We identify a problematic relationship between the deductive causality implied by GPN 2. As a result, we remain skeptical of the broader theoretical claims that GPN 2.
It is often asserted with confidence that foreign direct investment FDI is beneficial for economic growth in the host economy. Empirical evidence has been mixed, and there remain gaps in the literature. The majority of FDI has been directed at developed countries.
Single-country studies are needed, due to the heterogeneous relationship between FDI and growth, and because the impact of FDI on growth is said to be largest in open, advanced developed countries with an educated workforce and developed financial markets although research has focused on developing countries.
We fill these gaps with an improved empirical methodology to check whether FDI has enhanced growth in Spain, one of the largest receivers of FDI, whose gross domestic product growth was above average but has escaped scrutiny. During the observation period —, FDI rose significantly, and Spain offered ideal conditions for FDI to unfold its hypothesized positive effects on growth.
We run a horse race between various potential explanatory variables, including the neglected role of bank credit for the real economy.
The results are robust and clear: The favorable Spanish circumstances yield no evidence for FDI to stimulate economic growth.
The Spanish EU and euro entry are also found to have had no positive effect on growth. The findings call for a fundamental rethinking of methodology in economics.
F21, F34, O16, O23, RThe Use of Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) Areas and Regions for Representing Geographic Variation. Ronald Wilson. This presents a more comprehensive analysis of people within places.
A Geographic Framework for the Offender Drug Arrestee Monitoring (ODAM) Program. Description: A systematic and comprehensive analysis of the geographical dimensions of tourism, illustrating the relevance of a spatial perspective to tourism planning, development, and management.
Economic, social, and environmental impact of both domestic and international tourism considered. No minor or certificate is required with a Comprehensive Major (60 or more credits) or with two majors of 36 or more credits each.
Certain degree programs which include Comprehensive Majors may require more than the minimum of credits for graduation. Dotted lines: a leading cause has decreased in rank between and ; solid lines, a cause has maintained or ascended to a higher ranking.
CES Preliminary Benchmark Announcement.
In accordance with usual practice, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is announcing the preliminary estimate of the upcoming annual benchmark revision to the establishment survey employment series.
Energy Information Administration - EIA - Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government.